Lisbon – Neo-Manueline architecture

The reign of King Manuel I was very short, less than thirty years, but the architectural style named after him has endured. Neo-Manueline style began in earnest in the 1860s with the restoration of Jerónimos monastery (previous post) which gained a new tower and annexes (now housing the Maritime Museum and the National Archaeology Museum).

My favourite example of Neo-Manueline in back in central Lisbon. The stunning Rossio Station (Estação do Rossio) was designed between 1886 and 1887 by Portuguese architect José Luís Monteiro for the Portuguese Royal Railway Company. The most interesting features on the façade are the two intertwined horseshoe entrance portals and the small clock turret. The interior is an important example of cast-iron architecture in Portugal.

In Cascais there are several beautiful aristocratic summer residences including the eclectic Palácio dos Condes de Castro Guimarães, built in 1900. The architect Francisco Vilaça adopted a Revivalist approach that employed several architectural styles, including Neo-Romanticism, Neo-Gothic and Neo-Moorish, as well as Neo-Manueline.

Nearby Casa Lencastre (also known as Palácio Albatroz), built in the early 20th century is also highly eclectic. Neo-Manueline, Neo-Moorish and Neo-Gothic motifs are in evidence, but to my eye, the chimney stacks and quatrofoils in the balcony balustrade seem very Venetian.

There are many other Neo-Manueline buildings in Portugal which I hope to add to this post in the future. All the buildings mentioned are marked on my Google map.

An architecture walk in Belem next!

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